This is the quintessential ‘What If’ question. It is counterfactual because now we can never know what would have happened if India had not been partitioned. But we can speculate about the possibilities and try and construct plausible scenarios for purposes of understanding and discussion.
Anjum Altaf is Dean of the School of Humanities, Social Sciences and Law at the Lahore University of Management Sciences. He graduated from Stanford University and taught at the University of Karachi and the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, before joining the World Bank. In 2010-2011 he was invited to teach at the IIM, Calcutta but was refused a visa. To overcome such barriers to interaction, he moderates The South Asian Idea, a learning resource to promote mutual understanding across borders in South Asia.